Balbharati Class 6 General Science Solutions The Living World
Welcome to NCTB Solutions. Here with this post we are going to help 6th class students for the Solutions of Balbharati Class 6 General Science Book Chapter 2, The Living World. Here students can easily find step by step solutions of all the questions in The Living World. Also our Expert Science Teacher’s solved all the problems with easily understandable language with proper guidance so that all the students can understand easily. Here in this post students will get chapter 2 solutions. Here all the Question Answer are based on Balbharati latest syllabus. Here all the question and answer are based on Maharashtra State Board latest syllabus.
The Living World Exercise question Solutions :
Question no – (1)
(a) The differences between plants and animals :
- Plants :
Plants grow as long as they live.
Plants make their own food in sunlight
Plants have chlorophyll
Plants do not move their own.
- Animals :
Animals grow only for a certain period.
Animals do not produce their own food.
Animals do not have chlorophyll
Animals have the ability to move freely.
(b) The similarities between plants and animals are :
Plants and animals are living things.
The intake of food and the resultant growth is an important characteristic of plants and animals. Respiration is characteristic of living things. Animals have specific organs for excretion, plants too, excrete. All living things have the ability to reproduce.
(c) The plant kingdom is important to us in various way like
= Plants are used for household as well as industrial purposes Methi, Potato, Okra (bhendi), apple, banana, are used as food while Vasaka, behada, asparagus are used as medicines.
(d) The animal kingdom is important to us in various way like
Animals are useful to us. Dogs, Cats, Cows, buffaloes, are kept for domestic uses. Fish, sheep, fowl are used as food, while animals like horses, oxen, camel prove useful in various occupations. The earthworm is very useful in agriculture.
(e) Living things different from non living thing in many ways, like
Respiration, Responsiveness to stimuli, Reproduction, Cellular structure, intake of food, Excretion are the characteristics of living things. But these characteristics are not seen in non living things.
Question no – (2)
(a) A fish use gills to breathe.
(b) A snake breathes through the glottis
(c) Cranes breathe via their lungs.
(d) Earthworms breathe through their skin’s mucous.
(e) A man inhales and exhales through his lungs.
(f) Banyan tree use broad holes called stomata to absorb the air around them.
(g) Caterpillars breathe using spiracles.
Question no – (3)
(a) The process by which plants make their own food is called Photosynthesis.
(b) To inhale Oxygen and to exhale Carbon-dioxide is called respiration.
(c) The elimination of waste substances from the body is called excretion.
(d) The ability to respond to an event is called Responsiveness to Stimuli.
(e) On completing their lifespan, every living thing dies.
Question no – (4)
The uses of these animals and plants are as follows :
- Animals :
Honeybees : Produce honey. Honey use by people for various nutritional purposes.
Sharks : are use as medicine purpose.
Yaks : domestic uses.
Sheep : are use as food.
Earthworms : are very useful in agriculture.
Dogs : rare use as domestic uses.
Bivalwes : are use as food.
Horses : are useful in various occupation.
Mice : Mice are the best for research. Help to study human diseases.
- Plants :
Ginger : is use for food and medicine purpose.
Mango : is use as food. Mango rich in Vitamin A.
Eucalyptus : is use for making paper.
Babul : It is used as the datum for cleaning the teeth.
Teak : is use for making furniture.
Spinach : is use as food.
Aloevera : is use as cosmetics, food and medicine purpose.
Turmeric : is use as medicine, cosmetic and fooding purpose.
Holy basil : is Medicine and cosmetic use.
Karanja : is use for medicine purpose.
Moh : is use for medicine purpose.
Mulberry : is use for medicine. The food can be used for food.
Grapevine : is used as food.
Question no – (4)
The peculiarities of the movements of these living things are as follows :
Snake → crawl
Kangaroos → Jump.
Chameleons → walk.
Gulmohur → Grows in the direction of sunlight.
Creeper → Grows in the direction of sunlight.
Ants → walk.
Grasshoppers → Hop
Tortoises → Crawl and swim,.
Eagles → Fly
Frogs → Swim and hop.
Sweet potato → Grows in the direction of gravity.
Dolphins → Swim
Rattle snakes → crawl
Earthworms → crawl.
Question no – (5)
Many plants and animals to useful to us in our daily life. Some animals and plants can be harmful to us. Fenugreek, potato, Okhra, apple, banana are used as food while Vasaka, hirada, behada, asparagus are used as medicines. Some plants can be harmful as for example, the dodder, parthenium and other weeds. Pods of the neetle, Colocasia leaves cause itching. Plants like olender, lantana have strong odours. The datura plant is poisonous uncontrolled growth of fungi and algae in water pollutes drinking water and may cause the spread of diseases.
Animals are also useful to us. Dogs, Cats, Cows, buffaloes, are kept for domestic uses. Fish, Sheep, Fowl are used as food, while animal like horses, oxen, Camel prove useful in various occupations. The earthworm is very useful in agriculture. Some animals around us harmful to man. For example mosquitoes and flies spread diseases. Cockroaches, mice rats destroy our food. Lice, ticks also spread diseases. The bite of some poisonous lizards, spiders, snakes can even cause death. If wild elephants enter human settlements, they cause a lot of destruction.
More Solutions :
👉 Fun with Magnets
👉 The Universe