Balbharati Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 6 Beginning of Freedom Movement
Welcome to NCTB Solutions. Here with this post we are going to help Maharashtra State board 8th class students for Balbharati Class 8 History Chapter 6 Solutions, Beginning of Freedom Movement. Here students can easily find all the answers for the questions in Beginning of Freedom Movement. Also our Expert History Teacher’s solved all the question answer with easily understandable language with proper guidance so that all the students can understand easily. Here in this post students will get chapter 6 Beginning of Freedom Movement solutions. Here all the Question Answer are based on Balbharati latest syllabus. Here all the question and answer are based on Maharashtra State Board latest syllabus.
Beginning of Freedom Movement Exercise question Solutions :
Question no – (1) – (A)
(1) The Servants of India Society was founded by ____
(a) Ganesh Vasudev Joshi
(b) Bhau Daji Lad
(d) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Correct option – (a)
The Servants of India Society was founded by Ganesh Vasudev Joshi.
*The objective of the society was to teach other to sacrifice self interest, remove differences of caste and religion and create social harmony, spread of education and spread patriotism.
(2) The first session of Indian National Congress was held at ____
Correct option –
The first session of Indian National Congress was held at Mumbai.
*On 28 December 1885, the first session of Indian National Congress was held at Gokuldas Tejpat Sanskrit School.
(3) ____ wrote the Geeta Rahasya.
(a) Lokmanya Tilak
(b) Dadabhai Nowrojee
(c) Lala Lajpat Rai
(d) Bipinchandra Pal
Correct option –
Lokmanya Tilak wrote the Geeta Rahasya.
*The philosophy of karmayoga was the core of book which stressed that people should always be in action.
Question no – (1) – (A)
(1) Name of Moderate leaders :
= Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Ferozshah Mehta and Surendranath Banerjee.
(2) Name of extremist Leaders :
= Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal.
Question no – (2)
(1) The struggle for independence, a sense of identity was awakened among the Indians because –
= During the freedom struggle Indian people came under one roof and gradually they got to know more about their rich culture which helped them to develop a sense of identity among them and fight against the British with unity.
(2) Two groups were formed in the Indian National Congress because –
= The two groups were formed on the bases of different ideologies. They were Moderate and Extremist. The Moderates advocated peaceful and constitutional manners whereas Extremist believed in severe struggle for attainment of freedom.
(3) Curzon decided to partition Bengal because –
= As Bengal was a very large province, British faced difficulties to carry out administrative work. They wanted to weaken the freedom movement and Lord Curzon found its way by creating a difference between Hindu and Muslim. And this is how he decided to partition Bengal.
Question no – (3)
(a) Short note on Objectives of Indian National Congress :
The objectives of Indian National Congress were to reduce differences of religion, race, caste, language, geographical territories and bring people from different parts of India on a common platform, to understand each others problems and views. Increases the feeling of unity and contribute towards the development of the country. Save lakhs of people suffering from poverty, hunger, disease. Indian will get a respectable position among developed countries. Boycotting foreign goods etc.
(b) Short note on Anti partition movement :
Gradually the whole of Bengal woke up in its own power under the British and they saw a new dawn. Hindu-Muslim bound themselves in a new bond of unity. A fancy revolution started all over Bengal through Bandemataram music. The Indians rejected the British by boycotting all English goods And gradually its become a national movement.
(c) Short note on Four point program of Indian National Congress :
Swaraj, Swadeshi, National Education and Boycott were the four point program accepted by the Indian National Congress. Due to Swadeshi movement Indian were self sufficient and the path of Swadeshi had helped them to become self reliant. Boycotting foreign goods was the first step and after it boycotting foreign rule was the next step. Due to this Indian were able to attack the roots of British imperialism.
Question no – (4)
Due to British administration, its implementation on India brought the nation under one roof in its true sense. The feeling of nationalism developed among the people due to identical reforms all over the country and equality before law. Britisher has built the network of roads and railways for their convenience but it also benefited Indians as they were able to came in contact with each other from different part of the country. Not only the administrative policies but many reasons were there behind establishment of Indian Constitution, like the economic exploitation. Britishers has taken over the wealth and exploited India by all means. They imposed new taxes traditional industries declined which led to rise in unemployment also capitalists exploited the working class which led to growth of discontent among people. However there were few things that Indians learnt from the Britishers. Due to spread of western education new ideas such as justice, liberty, equality, democracy were introduced and also philosophies like rationalism, scientific attitude, humanity were accepted by Indians. There were many Indian and Western scholars who started study of Indian culture. After understanding that we have rich culture many Indians were awakened with the sense of identity. Also during this period when Indians were expanding and growing their knowledge there were English and vernacular newspapers which gave rise to social and political awakening to the masses. It brought hope among people that if they demand through constitutional methods then the British will give justice to them .That is the reason, during the session of Indian National Congress different resolutions were put forward by our leaders such as job for educated Indians, equality and to get equal opportunity to be represented in provincial legislature.
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