Balbharati Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 8 Civil Disobedience Movement
Welcome to NCTB Solutions. Here with this post we are going to help Maharashtra State board 8th class students by providing Balbharati Class 8 History Chapter 8 Solutions, Civil Disobedience Movement. Here students can easily find all the answers for the questions in Civil Disobedience Movement. Also our Expert History Teacher’s solved all the question answer with easily understandable language with proper guidance so that all the students can understand easily. Here on this post students will get chapter 8 Civil Disobedience Movement solutions. Here all the Question Answer are based on Balbharati latest syllabus. Here all the question and answer are based on Maharashtra State Board latest syllabus.
Civil Disobedience Movement Exercise question Solutions :
Question no – (1)
(1) ___ organised the Round Table Conference in London.
Ramsay Mac Donald
*The purpose to organised the first round table conference was to think over the constitutional issues regarding India.
(2) Khan Abdul Gafar Khan established the organisation named ___.
*Abdul Gafar Khan was also known as ‘Frontier Gandhi”.
(3) ___ led the Dharasana Satyagraha.
*The Satyagraha was against Salt Act.
(4) In the Second Round Table Conference ___ participated as a representative of Indian National Congress.
*The Second Round Table Conference was organised in 1931.
Question no – (2)
(1) Chandra Singh Thakur was court martialled and severely punished because –
On 23 April 1930 Khan Abdul Gafar stated an organisation “Satyagraha “ at Peshwar. The British government gave orders to the Garhwal regiment to carry out open firing on the Satyagrahis but an officer of Garhwal Regiment named Chandrasingh Thakur refused to open fire hence he was court martialled and was given a severe punishment.
(2) The Government declared Martial Law at Solapur because –
On 6 May 1930 hartal was observed in Solarpur and the mill workers were on the frontliy. There was a huge procession organised hence the District Collector gave orders of firing on the procession volunteers like Shankar Shivdare died as a result people started attacking on police station, railways stations courts etc. To suppress the agitation, government declared Martial Law at Solarpur.
(3) The deliberations in the First Round Table Conference proved to be meaningless because –
There was a Round Table Conference held to discuss on various topics such as Responsible Government at Central levels, establishment of federal state in India etc. Representatives of England and India like Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru, Barrister Jinnah also rulers of Princely States participated in the conference however the Indian National Congress which was a main body to represent the country didn’t participate and hence without its participation the deliberations in the First Round Table Conference were meaningless.
(4) Gandhiji began fast unto death in the Yerwada jail because –
In the Round Table Conference, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar represented the Dalits and demanded seperate electorates for them and after the Second Round Table Conference British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald declared “Communal Awards” granting the demand of seperate electorate as it would mean separating people on the basis of their caste and hence he went on a fast unto death at Yerwada Jail protesting against it.
Question no – (3)
(1) Gandhiji decide to break the Salt Act to begin the satyagraha all over the country :
The British government has imposed Salt tax which was injustice towards the common people as it is very essential in the meal hence protesting against it Gandhiji started Civil Disobedience Movement and he along with followers walked till the sea shore of Dandi and finally broke the Salt Act by picking the Salt from there which symbolised that we can manufacture our own salt, and need not to rely on British.
(2) Indian National Congress withdraw the civil disobedience movement :
After returning from Second Round Table Conference Gandhiji was disturbed and he decided to restart Civil Disobedience Movement however he was immediately arrested hence discontent among the people rose. The government used oppressive methods to suppress the agitation, there was strangling of civil rights everywhere also the Indians National Congress was declared illegal and many restrictions were put on national literature and newspapers. In April 1934, Gandhiji finally withdraw Civil Disobedience Movement.
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