Balbharati Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 9 Last Phase of Struggle for Independence
Welcome to NCTB Solutions. Here with this post we are going to help Maharashtra State board 8th class students by providing Balbharati Class 8 History Chapter 9 Solutions, Last Phase of Struggle for Independence. Here students can easily find all the answers for the questions in Last Phase of Struggle for Independence. Also our Expert History Teacher’s solved all the question answer with easily understandable language with proper guidance so that all the students can understand easily. Here on this post students will get chapter 9 Last Phase of Struggle for Independence solutions. Here all the Question Answer are based on Balbharati latest syllabus. Here all the question and answer are based on Maharashtra State Board latest syllabus.
Last Phase of Struggle for Independence Exercise question Solutions :
Question no – (1)
(1) ____ was the first Stayagrahi of Individual satyagraha.
= Vinoba Bhave
*As government was neglecting the demands, the Indian National Congress decided to start anti war propaganda. Where despite of collective movement every person should disobey the laws which was known as “individuals Satyagraha”
(2) The nation wide movement of 1942 is also called ____
= August Kranti
*The nationwide movement was initiated by patriotic songs composed by Sane Guruji, Rashtrasant Tukdoji Maharaj.
(3) In November 1943, Japan conquered ____ islands and handed them over to Azad Hind Government.
= Andaman and Nicobar
*Netaji renamed them as ‘Shahid’ and ‘Swarajya’.
Question no – (2)
(1) In the year 1939 second world war began in Europe and viceroy of that time Lord Linlithgo declared that India has joined the war on the side of British however they claimed that the fighting is to save Democracy in Europe. Then the India National Congress demanded that if the claim was true then England should give freedom to India but they refused to fulfill the demand and hence the provincial minister of Indian National Congress resigned in November 1939.
(b) Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was leading the Indians National Army on Azad Hind Sena. In 1944 Indian National Army captured the Aarakan province in Myanmar, also the eastern boarder of Assam were captured while in the same period the campaign of Imphal remained incomplete because Japan stopped helping Indian Army. However in adverse circumstances as well soldiers were dedicatedly fighting. On 18 August 1945 Subhash Chandra Bose died in a plan accident and hence the soldiers of Indian National Army had to lay their arms on the fight.
(3) In 1942 krantisinh Nana Patel brought an end to British government in Satara district and established parallel government. Through its medium collection of taxes, maintenance of law and order, punishment to criminals were done also people started accepting the verdict passed by people’s court appointed by Parallel government. Many new reforms like opposition to money lenders prohibition on liquor ,spread of literary were imposed due to which parallel government became a source of inspiration for the mass.
Question no – (4)
(1) There were many school students who contributed in the freedom movement just like other elite leaders. At Nandurbar, school children under the leadership of Shirishkumar carried out procession holding the tri colour flag though he died along with other children after the open firing by police it was an inspirational act.
(2) During the second world war England supported America hence Japan approached to attack on India. The Japanese army reached the eastern borders of India hence British needed the help of Indians, understanding the critical situation British Prime Minister Winston Chruchill sent Sir Stafford Cripps to India put a purposal in front of Indians.
(3) The news of arrest of important leaders of Indian National Congress spread out all over India and it furiated the common people. The angry mob took out procession at various places even though police lathi charged and opened firing on the public but they were not afraid and kept on showing their agitation.
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