Balbharati Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 4 The Freedom Struggle of 1857
Welcome to NCTB Solutions. Here with this post we are going to help Maharashtra State board 8th class students for Balbharati Class 8 History Chapter 4 Solutions, The Freedom Struggle of 1857. Here students can easily find all the answers for the questions in The Freedom Struggle of 1857. Also our Expert History Teacher’s solved all the question answer with easily understandable language with proper guidance so that all the students can understand easily. Here in this post students will get chapter 4 The Freedom Struggle of 1857 solutions. Here all the Question Answer are based on Balbharati latest syllabus. Here all the question and answer are based on Maharashtra State Board latest syllabus.
The Freedom Struggle of 1857 Exercise question Solutions :
Question no – (1)
(1) V.D.Savarkar named the struggle of 1857 as ____
(2) ____ united the Ramoshis to rebel against the British.
*So they together overthrow the Britishers.
(3) After the struggle of 1857 the post of ____ was created in the British Government to look after the affairs of India.
= Secretary of state
*British Parliament took some steps to end the rule of East India company so that they could directly rule over the Indian people.
(4) ____ was the Governor General who annexed the princely states.
= Lord Dalhousie
Question no – (2)
(1) The Paikas made armed rebellion against the British because –
= For the conquered Odisha, and rise in salt price due to tax imposed on it by British. The paikas made armed rebellion against the British.
(2) There was discontent among the Hindu and Muslim sepoys because –
= The use of the Enfield rifle in the great war of 1857 caused extreme religions divisions between Hindus and Muslims. The word spread that the part of the Enfield rifle cartridge that had to be opened by mouth was made from cow and pig fat and this issue hit their religions reforms hard create discontent among them.
(3) The Indian sepoys could not keep stand in front of the British army because
= The British had economic strength, disciplined army; enough stock of latest arms and experienced army generals than India so they couldn’t keep stand in front of the British army.
(4) After the struggle, Indian army was divided on the basis of caste because
= The united attitude of the Indians made it very difficult of the Indians made it very difficult for the British to rule, so they follow the process of Divide and rule policy. They wanted to rule the Indians by corrupting the Indian heart in the dirty game of caste, religion, race, territory etc.
(5) The British imposed heavy taxes on Indian industries because –
= To corner the demand – driven Indian market the British were imposing excessive tax on Indian goods. So that the demand for Indian products in the court of the world is reduced.
Question no – (3)
(1) What were the social causes behind the struggle of 1857?
The social causes behind the struggle of 1857 :
The Indians felt that the British were unnecessarily mediating the education culture traditions and custom of the Indians. The Indian thought that by introducing the practice of window hood by stopping the practice of satidah, they were disrupting their normal life. The Indians were enraged by this behaviour of the British and the war started.
(2) Why did the Indians fail in the struggle of 1857?
Some of the causes behind the failure of the struggle of 1857 are –
• The struggle was not comprehensive which means that the struggle didn’t take place simultaneously all over India.
• There was lack of central leadership due to which there was no uniformity among the mass.
• Most of the feudatory princes were aloof because they were afraid to lose their power and hence it impacted freedom struggle.
• There were lack of military tactics which caused the Indian soldiers to fail.
• International situation was favourable to British because no one wanted to create differences with British.
(3) Write down the consequences of struggle of 1857
The consequences of the struggle of 1857 are –
• The British introduced new revenue system to increase their income. New taxes were imposed which caused agriculture system to collapse, the handicraft and textile industry was also doomed.
• Britishers were interfering in the cultural and traditional customs of India.
• There were many political changes were British has taken over India. Many rulers were dethroned and new policies were being implied to the common people.
• The Indian soldiers were given low status and were given less priority in comparison to British soldiers.
(4) What were the changes in British policy after the struggle of 1857?
The changes in British policy after the struggle of 1857 are –
• With great struggle and fight against the Britishers, the British rule had to go through many changes in their parliament to take over the situation. Some of the changes were:
• Queen Victoria issued a Declaration addressing the people of India based on which no Indians will be discriminated and there will be no interference in religious matter.
• There were changes made in the structure of army unlike previously the proportion of British soldiers were increased in the army, a division of Indian soldiers were created on basis of caste.
• The British accepted that they won’t interfere in the social and religious aspects of Indians and also they were taking proper care that the Indian society shouldn’t be united and hence they started creating differences among the mass based on their caste, religion, territory etc. They adopted the policy by polluting the minds of Indian by following the “Divide and rule” policy.
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