Balbharati Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 3 Effects of British Rule
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Effects of British Rule Exercise question Solutions :
Question no – (1)
(1) Portuguese, ____, French, British participated in the competition of capturing Indian market.
Correct option – (b)
Portuguese, Dutch, French, British participated in the competition of capturing Indian market.
(2) In 1802 Peshwa ____ signed the Subsidiary Alliance with the British.
(a) Bajirao I
(b) Sawai Madhavrao
(c) Peshwa Nanasaheb
(d) Bajirao II
Correct option – (d)
In 1802 Peshwa Bajirao II signed the Subsidiary Alliance with the British.
(3) Jamshedjee Tata started the manufacturing of steel at Tata Iron and Steel industry established in ____
Correct option – (c)
Jamshed Jee Tata started the manufacturing of steel at Tata Iron and Steel industry established in Jamshedpur.
Question no – (2)
(1) Explain Civil services :
Civil services is an important part of British Government. To strengthen the British rule in India there as a need of Bureaucracy.
(2) Explain Commercialisation of Agriculture :
Grains or crops are not only used for food intake. The British increased the level of crop production by encouraging the farmers more. They used this method only to satisfy their own interests and to profit their share of the crops produced. The process of giving stress on cultivation of profit giving cash crops instead of food grains is known as the commercialization of Agriculture.
(3) Explain Economic policies of British :
Attracted by Indians natural resources, the colonists have formed their own colonies in India over the ages. In India, they have resorted to various means at different times to seize money and resources in their own country they have resorted to various means to make the economic environment more beautiful and opportunistic for their own convenience.
- Land revenue policy
- Consequences of new land revenue system
- Commercialisation of Agriculture
- Development in transport and communication system.
Question no – (3)
(1) Farmers in India became bankrupt.
Each farmer had a fixed assignment on his own land. The grief of the farmer was not over if he could not pay the tax on time. In this way he unknowingly untangled himself in the net of interest. In this way he would lose all the savings and even the last of his life.
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