Balbharati Class 8 History Solutions Chapter 5 Social and Religious Reforms
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Social and Religious Reforms Exercise question Solutions :
Question no – (1)
(1) ____ established the Ramkrishna Mission.
*He was a close disciple of Ramkrishna Paramhansha. He attended the Parliament of Religions at Chicago in 1893 as the representative of Hinduism.
(2) The Anglo-Mohammedan Oriental College was established by ____
Sir Sayyad Ahmad
*Sir Sayyad Ahmad firmly believed that Muslim could make progress only by studying modern education and science.
(3) The Depressed Classes Mission was founded by ____
Maharshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde.
*Through this mission Maharshi Vitthal’s aim was to solve the social problem.
Question no – (3)
(1) The Social and religious reform movement began in India
The Social and religious reform movement began in India because – With the introduction of western thought; a new awakening was created in India. The old ideology left all these things behind in the old thinking and people started moving forward. In the field of religion, there was an innovation everywhere in the social field.
(2) Mahatma Phule conducted a strike of barbers.
Mahatma Phule conducted a strike of barber because – Mahatma Phule always gave importance to women education. He believed that everyone is equal irrespective of their gender and caste and strongly criticised those traditions and customs which creates discrimination. He was also concerned about the miserable condition of widows so he conducted a strike of barbers against the customs of shaving heads of the widows.
Question no – (4)
(1) Short note on Ramakrishna Mission :
Ramakrishna mission was established by swami Vivekananda, a close disciple of Ramakrishna paramhansa, in 1897, This Mission worked for service to the society. The mission worked for providing help to the famine striken people, patients, medical help to the poor, female education and spiritual growth.
(2) Short note on The reforms of Savitribai Phule :
Closing down many unjust practices in the society. Raise voice for problems against the women broke out.
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