Balbharati Class 5 Environmental Studies Part 2 Solutions Chapter 9 Settled Life and Urban Civilization
Welcome to NCTB Solutions. Here with this post we are going to help Maharashtra State board 5th class students by providing Balbharati Class 5 Environmental Studies Part 2 Solutions for Chapter 9, Settled Life and Urban Civilization. Here students can easily find all the answers for the questions in Settled Life and Urban Civilization. Also our Expert Environmental Studies Teacher’s solved all the question answer with easily understandable language with proper guidance so that all the students can understand easily. Here on this post students will get chapter 9 Settled Life and Urban Civilization solutions. Here all the Question Answer are based on Balbharati latest syllabus. Here all the question and answer are based on Maharashtra State Board latest syllabus.
Settled Life and Urban Civilization Exercise question Solutions :
Question no – (1)
(a) Stone tools → Stone Age .
(b) Copper tools and other copper objects → Copper Age .
(c) Iron tools and other iron objects → Iron Age.
Question no – (2)
(a) In chronological order,
(b) In chronological order,
(1) Stone Age.
(2) Copper Age.
(3) Iron Age.
Question no – (3)
(a) Discovery of copper :
Initially, gold was the first metal that was used but gold was so soft that it was not possible to make tools and implements. As a result of which, another metal was discovered by humans and that metal was copper, which could be used for making tools and implements. In this way, the ‘Copper Age’ began to emerge.
(b) Invention of the wheel :
Copper Age could be portrayed as the age where several new inventions and rapid transformations has occurred. The invention of the wheel was one of the most significant among them. Initially the wheel was used by the potters and later it was used for running bullock carts and chariots.
(c) Use of script :
The script is used for keeping permanent records of the growing trade and expanding production.
Question no – (4)
(a) Use of metals :
European Museums had large collections of pre-historic artifacts and archaic objects. Christian Thomsen was a scholar who had introduced the ‘Three Age System’ for classifying these objects. Thomsen categorized the objects into three following sequence :
(1) Stone tools → Stone Age
(2) Copper tools and articles → Copper Age
(3) Iron tools and articles → Iron Age
Consequently, these three periods were termed as Stone Age, Copper Age and Iron Age. Basically, gold was the first metal that was used. Gold is so soft, that it could not be used for making tools and implements. Copper was another metal that was discovered by the humans for making tools and implements and this has resulted in the emergence of the Copper Age.
(b) Social organization in the ancient cities :
The increase in trade has been considered to be one of the main factor that is responsible for the emergence and growth of cities. The cultural roots of cities could be traced in the culture of village settlements of the New Stone Age. The earlier faith system, social life and festivals became more elaborate in cities that had flourished due to the increase in trade. There were construction of Grand temples in several cities. Chiefs of these temples became the chief administrators of these cities. Later, the positions of temple head and Kings were retained by the same person. This resulted in the commencement of the ancient urban civilization of the world.
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