Samacheer Kalvi Class 7 History Chapter 3 Emergence of New Kingdoms in South India : Later Cholas and Pandyas Solutions
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Emergence of New Kingdoms in South India : Later Cholas and Pandyas Chapter 3 Solutions :
(I) Choose the Correct answer.
(1) Who revived the later Chola dynasty
(b) Rajaraja I
(c) Rajendra I
Correct Option → (a)
Vijayalaya revived the Chola dynasty.
(2) Who among the following Pandya rulers is known for ending the Kalabhra rule?
(c) Kun Pandyan
Correct Option → (a)
Kadunkon is known for ending the Kalabhra rule.
(3) Which of the following was the lowest unit of Chola administration?
Correct Option → (d)
Ur was the lowest unit of Chola administration.
(4) Who was the last ruler Vijayalaya line of Chola dyanasty?
(d) Rajaraja II
Correct Option → (c)
AthiRajendra was the last ruler Vijayalaya line of Chola dyanasty.
(5) An example of Chola architecture can be seen at ___.
Correct Option → (d)
An example of Chola architecture can be seen at Thanjavur.
(6) To which of the following, Marco Polo went in the last decade of 13th century in India?
(a) Chola mandalam
(b) Pandya country
(c) Kongu region
Correct Option → (b)
Marco Polo visit Pandya country in the last decade of 13th century in India.
(II) Fill in the blanks
(1) ___ built the famous Brihadeshwara Temple at Thanjavur
(2) ___ established a Vedic college at Ennayiram
(3) ___ was the donor of Velvikudi copper plates
(4) The royal sectretariat of Pandya kingdom was known as ___
(1) → Rajaraja I
(2) → Rajaraja I
(3) → Jatila Parantaka Nedunjadayan
(4) → Eluttu-mandapam.
(III) Match the Following
|1. Madurai||Inland traders|
|2. Gangaikonda Cholapuram||Maritime traders|
|3. Anju- Vannattar||Capital of Cholas|
|4. Mani- gramattar||Capital of Pandyas|
(1) Madurai → Capital of Pandyas.
(2) Gangaikonda Cholapuram → Capital of Cholas.
(3) Anju- Vannattar → Maritime traders.
(4) Mani-gramattar → Inland traders.
(IV) True or False
(1) A Muslim state subordinate to Delhi Sultan was in Madurai.
(2) Koodal – nagar Kavalan was the title of a Pandya king.
(3) Chola kingdom was situated in Vaigaidelta.
(4) Kulothunga I belonged to Chalukya-Chola dynasty.
(5) The elder son of the Chola king was called Yuvaraja.
(1) → True
(2) → True
(3) → False
(4) → True
(5) → True
(V) Consider the following statements
(1) Which of the following statements about Later Cholas are correct
(1) They had a system of Local self government.
(2) They maintained a strong navy.
(3) They were the followers of Buddhism.
(4) They built big temples.
(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 4
(d) 1, 3 and 4
The correct option is (c) 1, 2 and 4
(2) Which of the following statements are true with regard to Rajendra Chola
(1) He assumed the title Gangaikonda Chola.
(2) He conquered Southern Sumatra.
(3) He is credited with consolidating the Chola power.
(4) His naval power enabled him to conquer Srivijaya.
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 3 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 4
(d) All the above
The appropriate option is – (d) All the above
(3) Assertion : The Yuvarajas were appointed Governors in the provinces.
Reason : This was done for their training in administration.
(a) R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is wrong and R is correct.
(d) A and R are wrong.
The correct option is – (a)
R is the correct explanation of A.
(4) Arrange the following administration divisions in descending order
(5) Arrange the events in chronological order.
(1) Maravarman appointed Virapandyan as co – regent.
(2) Civil war broke out.
(3) A Muslim State was established in Madurai.
(4) MaravarmanKulasekaran had two sons – Virapandyan and Sundrapandyan
(5) SundraPandyan sought help from Ala – ud-din Khalji.
(6) Malik Kafur invaded Madurai.
(1) MaravarmanKulasekaran had two sons – Virapandyan and Sundrapandyan
(2) Maravarman appointed Virapandyan as co – regent.
(3) Civil war broke out.
(4) SundraPandyan sought help from Ala – ud-din Khalji.
(5) Malik Kafur invaded Madurai.
(6) A Muslim State was established in Madurai.
(6) Find out
Brahmadeya → Land grants given to Brahmins.
Devadana → Tax free lands given to temples by Chola rulers.
Pallichchandam → Land granted to Jain Institutions.
Vellanvagai → Holders were called vellalars who retained major share in harvest.
(VI) Answer in one or two sentences
(1) What were the items exported during the later Chola period?
During the later Cholah period, the items exported were sandalwood, ebony, condiments, precious gems, pepper, oil, paddy, grains and salt.
(2) What was called Chatur-vedi-mangalam?
Kings Pandya and local chiefs created Brahmin settlements called Mangalam or Chatur-vedi-mangalam with irrigation facilities.
(3) Write about Kanikadan.
The land revenue of the chola empire is known as kanikadan.
(VII) Answer the following in detail
(1) Highlight any five aspects of Cholas’ legacy.
The legacy of the Cholas :
(1) The Cholas kings established a beautiful administrative and governing system in their empire.
(2) Another important feature of the Chola empire was that very efficient local administrators were employed.
(3) Every administrator of the Chola empire played a very important role in the irrigation and water department.
(4) The Chola rulers built many temples the most notable of which was Thanjavur, Gangaikonda Cholapuram and Darasuram.
(5) Another important aspects of their legacy is that there was an unprecedented expansion of trade during this time.
(1) Chola kings were great patrons of learning: Support the statement with details.
The reason for this statement is – Rajendra I one of the best rulers of the chola empire built a vedic college where vedas, grammar and Upanishad were taught. This trends contains its successor and created two more colleges. Great literary works like Periyapuranam and Kamba Ramayanam were composed at this time.
(IX) Students activity
Who am I?
(1) I was responsible for Malik Kafur invasion.
Answer : Sundara Pandyan.
(2) I built 16-mile embankment-lake in Gangaikonda Cholapuram.
Answer : Rajendra Chola
(3) I am a water supply channel.
Answer : Vaykkal.
(4) I codified Thirumurai.
Answer : Nambiy andar Nambi.
(5) I was a great port. Marco Polo visited me twice.
Answer : Kayal.
(X) Answer Grid
(1) Name the two literary works of Chola period.
Periya Puranam and Kamba Ramayanam are the two literary works of Chola period.
(2) Which port is associated with pearl fishery?
Korkai is associated with pearl fishery
(3) What do kasu, kalanchu and pon refer to?
Gold coins are variously called kasu, kalanchu and pon.
(4) In which district is Kayal -Pattinam located?
In Thoothukudi district is kayal pattinam located.
(5) Who was the Pandya king, defeated by Parantaka I?
Rajasimha II defeated by parantaka I
(6) Where is the famous Meenakshi temple located?
The famous Meenakshi temple located at Madurai.
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