Balbharati Class 8 English Solutions Chapter 4.2 Revolutionary Steps in Surgery
Welcome to NCTB Solutions. Here with this post we are going to help 8th class students for the Solutions of Balbharati Class 8 English Text Book Unit 4, Chapter 4.2, Revolutionary Steps in Surgery. Here students can easily find step by step solutions of all the questions in Revolutionary Steps in Surgery. Also our Expert English Teacher’s solved all the question answer with easily understandable language with proper guidance so that all the students can understand easily. Here in this post students will get chapter 4.2 solutions. Here all the Question Answer are based on Balbharati latest syllabus. Here all the question and answer are based on Maharashtra State Board latest syllabus.
Chapter 4.2 : Revolutionary Steps in Surgery Exercise question Solutions
Question no – (1)
(a) The first surgeon to perform operations
(b) Anaesthetics used from mid 19th century
= Ether or chloroform.
(c) The first successful Cardiac Surgeon
= Dr. Williams.
(d) A sack around the heart
(e) The father of modern neurosurgery
= Harvey Cushing.
(f) The world’s most advanced surgical robot
= Da Vinci.
Question no – (2)
(1) → (f) removing a decayed tooth.
(2) → (d) related to the heart.
(3) → (g) substance that makes a person sleepy.
(4) → (h) an extra growth in the body.
(5) → (a) a cut made for surgery.
(6) → (e) a control unit for a robotic surgery.
(7) → (b) having length, breadth and depth.
(8) → (i) a device to stop blood loss in neurosurgery.
Question no – (4)
- Sushruta Samhita :
Sushruta Samhita is one of the renowned oldest books in the world that contains the history of surgery. From this book it is probably to be told that Sushruta was the surgeon in the world. However, some ancients surgeons developed the tooth extraction and bloodletting process.
- First Cardiac Surgery :
In the ancient age there was no proper procedures and no medical equipment’s to perform a cardiac surgery. So, doctors usually used sedatives for the treatment of a heart patient and in most of the cases they died. Later Dr. Daniel hale Williams, an African surgeon, performed a new technique and saved a life of a heart patient, James Cornish who got a cut on an artery of his heart. That is why Dr. Williams become the first cardiac surgeon.
- First Neurosurgeon :
Dr. Harvey cushing is regarded as the first neurosurgeon as well as the father of modern neurological surgery. It is because of him that mortality rate for neurosurgery has been reduced day by day .He had invented an wonderful method called ‘cushing clip’ to control the blood loss in neurosurgery.
- The robotic surgery :
The robotic surgery is a modern kind of surgery where miniaturized surgical are usually used instead of large incisions. In this surgery the doctors used the most advanced surgical robot – the Da Vinci and on the three separate robotic arms, the miniaturized equipment’s are placed. The fourth arm of the robot contain a 3-D camera in order to guide the surgeon during the surgery.
Question no – (5)
Question no – (6)
(a) There was lack of technology so major surgery could not develop for centuries.
(b) Cardiac surgery was tried in the past but patients did not survive.
(c) He places his fingers into the master controls and operators all four arms of the Da Vinci.
(d) Open heart surgery can help to repair heart valves or can also replace them.
(e) These procedures can be performed through very small incisions, so our patients experience a number of benefits.
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