Samacheer Kalvi Class 8 History Chapter 6 Development of Industries in India Solutions
Welcome to NCTB Solutions. Here with this post we are going to help 8th class students by providing Solutions for Samacheer Kalvi Class 8 History Chapter 6 Development of Industries in India. Here students can easily find all the solved solution for class 8 Social Science, History Chapter 6, Development of Industries in India Exercise questions. Also here our expert History Teacher’s solved all the questions with easily understandable language with proper guidance so that all the students can understand easily. Here on this post students will get Chapter 6 Development of Industries in India exercise solutions. Here all the solutions are based on Tamil Nadu State Board latest syllabus.
Development of Industries in India Chapter 6 Solutions :
(I) Choose the correct answer
(1) Which of the following activities of the people will not come under handicraft?
(a) Carving statues out of stone
(b) Making bangles with glass
(c) Weaving silk sarees
(d) Smelting of iron
Correct Option → (d)
Smelting of iron will not come under handicraft.
(2) The oldest industry in India was ___ industry.
Correct Option → (a)
The oldest industry in India was Textile industry.
(3) The woollen and leather factories became prominent in ___
Correct Option → (c)
The woollen and leather factories became prominent in Kanpur.
(4) What was the aim of first Three Five year Plans of India?
(a) To control population growth
(b) To reduce illiteracy rate
(c) To built a strong industrial base
(d) To empower the women
Correct Option → (c)
The aim of first Three five year Plans of India is to built a strong industrial base.
(5) What was not the reason for the decline of Indian Industries?
(a) Loss of royal patronage
(b) Competition of machine made goods
(c) Industrial policy of India
(d) Trading policy of British
Correct Option → (c)
Industrial policy of India is not the reason for the decline of Indian Industries.
(II) Fill in the blanks
(1) __ Was the integral part in the life of the people.
(2) Industrial revolution took place in __
(3) The Assam Tea Company was founded in __
(4) Jute industry was started in the Hoogly Valley at __ near Calcutta.
(5) __ shortened the distance between Europe and India.
(1) → Craft
(2) → England
(3) → 1839
(4) → Rishra
(5) → Suez Canal
(III) Match the following
(1) Tavernier → French traveller
(2) Dacca → Muslin
(3) Dadabai Naoroji → Drain Theory
(4) Ballygunj → Paper mill
(5) Smiths → Artisan
(IV) State True or False
(1) India was famous for cotton and silk cloths.
(2) The railway was introduced in India by the British.
(3) Steel was first manufactured by modern methods at Jamshedpur.
(4) The industrial policy of 1948, brought mixed economy in industrial sector.
(5) The tenth and eleventh five year plans witnessed a high growth rate of Agricultural production.
(1) → True
(2) → True
(3) → False
(4) → True
(5) → False
(V) Consider the following the statements and tick (✓) the appropriate answer
(1) Which of the following statements are correct?
(i) According to Edward Baines, ‘The birth place of cotton manufacture is in England’.
(ii) Before mechanised industry handicrafts was the second largest source of employment in rural India.
(iii) Saurashtra was known for tin industry.
(iv) Construction of Suez Canal made the British goods cheaper in India.
(a) i and ii are correct
(b) ii and iv are correct
(c) iii and iv are correct
(d) i, ii and iii are correct
Correct statements :
• Before mechanised industry handicrafts was the second largest source of employment in rural India.
• Construction of Suez Canal made the British goods cheaper in India.
(2) Assertion (A) : Indian handicrafts collapsed under the colonial rule.
Reason (R) : British made India as the producer of raw materials and markets for their finished products.
(a) A is correct R is correct explanation of A
(b) A is correct and R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) Both A and R is correct
(d) Both A and R is wrong
Correct Option → (a)
A is correct R is correct explanation of A.
(3) Which one of the following is wrongly matched?
(a) Bernier – Shajahan
(b) Cotton mill – Ahmadabad
(c) TISCO – Jamshedpur
(d) Economic Liberalisation – 1980
The wrongly matched pair is option – (d)
Economic Liberalisation → 1980
(VI) Answer the following in one or two sentences
(1) What are the traditional handicrafts industries of India?
Traditional handicrafts industries of India :
Textiles, woodwork, ivory, stone cutting, leather, fragrance wood, metal work and Jwellery, potters, weavers, smiths produced articles are the traditional hand crafts industries of India.
(2) Write about the drain theory.
Drain theory :
Dadabhai Naoroji was the first to Acknowledge that the poverty of the Indian people was due to the British exploitation of India’s resources and the drain of India’s resources and the drain of India’s wealth to Britain.
(3) Name the inventions which made the production of textiles on large scale.
Cotton Gin, flying shuttle, spinning jenny and steam engine, are the inventions which made the production of textiles on large scale.
(4) Write a short note on Confederation of Indian Industry.
Confederation of Indian Industry :
The confederation of Indian industry is a business association in India. CII is a non-government, not for profit, industry led and industry managed organization. It was founded in 1985. It has over 9000 members from the private as well as public sector, including small and mediums enterprises and multinational corporations.
(5) What is de-industrialisation?
The process of disruption of traditional Indian crafts and decline in national income has been referred to as de-industrialisation.
(VII) Answer the following in detail
(1) How was the trading policy of British caused for the decline of the Indian Industries?
Free trade policy followed by the East-India Company. Compelled the Indian traders to sell their goods fellow the market prices. This forced many craftsman to abandon their ancestral, handicraft talent. East India companies aim was to buy the maximum quantity of Indian manufactured goods at the cheapest price and sell them to other European countries for a huge profit. Thus the trading policy of British caused for the decline of the India industries.
(2) Write in detail about the plantation industries.
Plantation of industries :
This industries very attractive to Europeans. This industry could provide jobs on a large scale and in reality, plantation industry was started early on. Plantation was the most important industry of eastern India. Plantation like tea, coffee and indigo is the centre of activities in South India.
(3) Explain Industrial development after 1991 reforms.
Industrial development 1991 :
In 1991 There is a occurred a huge industrial development.
(i) In this session there is a high growth rate of industrial production.
(ii) The abolition of industrial licensing, dismantling of price controls.
(iii) Dilution of reservation of small scale industries and virtual abolition of monopoly law enabled Indian industry to flourish the new policy welcomes foreign investments.
Next Chapter Solution :
👉 Urban changes during the British period